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JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders


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Joon-Shik Yoon 1 Article
Gait Analysis in Patients With Parkinson’s Disease: Relationship to Clinical Features and Freezing
Seong-Beom Koh, Kun-Woo Park, Dae-Hie Lee, Se Ju Kim, Joon-Shik Yoon
J Mov Disord. 2008;1(2):59-64.
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AbstractAbstract PDF

The purpose of our study was to investigate gait dynamics and kinematics in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) and to correlate these features with the predominant clinical features and with the presence of the freezing of gait (FOG). We measured the temporospatial and kinematic parameters of gait in 30 patients with PD (M:F=12:18, age=68.43±7.54) using a computerized video motion analysis system.


We divided the subjects into subgroups: (1) tremor-dominant (TD) group and postural instability and gait disturbance (PIGD) group and (2) FOG group and non-FOG group. We compared the gait parameters between the subgroups.


The walking velocity and stride length were reduced significantly in the PIGD group compared to the TD group. The PIGD group showed a significantly reduced range of motion in the pelvic and lower extremity joints by kinematics. Stride time variability was significantly increased and the pelvic oblique range was significantly reduced in the freezing gait disorder group.


Our findings suggest that there are differences in the perturbation of the basal ganglia-cortical circuits based on major clinical features. The reduction of the pelvic oblique range of motion may be a compensatory mechanism for postural instability and contributes to stride time variability in patients with FOG.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The gait parameters in patients with Parkinson’s Disease under STN-DBS therapy and associated clinical features
    Halil Onder, Ege Dinc, Kubra Yucesan, Selcuk Comoglu
    Neurological Research.2023; 45(8): 779.     CrossRef
  • Proof of Concept in Artificial-Intelligence-Based Wearable Gait Monitoring for Parkinson’s Disease Management Optimization
    Robert Radu Ileșan, Claudia-Georgiana Cordoș, Laura-Ioana Mihăilă, Radu Fleșar, Ana-Sorina Popescu, Lăcrămioara Perju-Dumbravă, Paul Faragó
    Biosensors.2022; 12(4): 189.     CrossRef
  • Towards Real-Time Prediction of Freezing of Gait in Patients With Parkinson’s Disease: A Novel Deep One-Class Classifier
    Nader Naghavi, Eric Wade
    IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics.2022; 26(4): 1726.     CrossRef
  • Development of Neuro-Degenerative Diseases’ Gait Classification Algorithm Using Convolutional Neural Network and Wavelet Coherence Spectrogram of Gait Synchronization
    Febryan Setiawan, An-Bang Liu, Che-Wei Lin
    IEEE Access.2022; 10: 38137.     CrossRef
  • Functional gait assessment in early and advanced Parkinson’s disease
    Hany Mohamed Eldeeb, Heba Samir Abdelraheem
    The Egyptian Journal of Neurology, Psychiatry and Neurosurgery.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Statistical methods for analysis of Parkinson’s disease gait pattern and classification
    Anup Nandy
    Multimedia Tools and Applications.2019; 78(14): 19697.     CrossRef
  • Prediction of Freezing of Gait in Parkinson’s Disease Using Statistical Inference and Lower–Limb Acceleration Data
    Nader Naghavi, Eric Wade
    IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering.2019; 27(5): 947.     CrossRef
  • Towards Real-Time Prediction of Freezing of Gait in Patients With Parkinson’s Disease: Addressing the Class Imbalance Problem
    Nader Naghavi, Aaron Miller, Eric Wade
    Sensors.2019; 19(18): 3898.     CrossRef
  • Computer-Vision Based Diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease via Gait: A Survey
    Navleen Kour, Sunanda, Sakshi Arora
    IEEE Access.2019; 7: 156620.     CrossRef
  • A comparison of soft computing models for Parkinson’s disease diagnosis using voice and gait features
    Rekh Ram Janghel, Anupam Shukla, Chandra Prakash Rathore, Kshitiz Verma, Swati Rathore
    Network Modeling Analysis in Health Informatics and Bioinformatics.2017;[Epub]     CrossRef

JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders