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Xingyue Hu 1 Article
Botulinum Toxin Clinic-Based Epidemiologic Survey of Adults with Primary Dystonia in East China
Li Wang, Xingyue Hu, Chunfeng Liu, Yiwen Wu, Changqing Wang, Zhiqiang Wang, Jun Chen
J Mov Disord. 2012;5(1):9-13.
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Background and Purpose:

Primary focal or segmental dystonia is a rare clinical condition. The clinical features of dystonia have not been evaluated in China. We performed a study to investigate the epidemiology of primary dystonia and its clinical variants in an adult population.


A Botulinum Toxin Clinic-based study was conducted in the period 18 May through 8 October 2010 in East China. We identified 523 dystonia patients from the Movement disorders and Botulinum Toxin clinic Cases.


The most common focal dystonia were blepharospasm (59%), cervical dystonia (35%), limb dystonia (3%), oromandibular dystonia (2%) and laryngeal dystonia (1%). Males with primary dystonia were noted to have earlier age of onset. A female predominance was noted for most of the primary dystonias with a male to female ratio (M : F) ranging from 1 : 1.48 to 1 : 3.


The epidemiological features of dystonia in East China we collected were similar to the report in Japan which contrasts partly with that reported in Europe.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Dystonia: A Leading Neurological Movement Disorder
    Md. Tanvir Kabir, Hasina Yasmin, Umme Salma Khanam, Mohd. Raeed Jamiruddin, Md. Sahab Uddin, Mohamed M. Abdel-Daim
    Journal of Intellectual Disability - Diagnosis and Treatment.2018; 6(3): 63.     CrossRef
  • Late-onset primary dystonia in Zhejiang province of China: a service-based epidemiological study
    Li Wang, Yin Chen, Beibei Hu, Xingyue Hu
    Neurological Sciences.2016; 37(1): 111.     CrossRef
  • Tätigkeitsbezogene primäre fokale Dystonien außerhalb der Musikermedizin und ihre Bedeutung für die Arbeitswelt
    F. Sladeczek
    Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin, Arbeitsschutz und Ergonomie.2015; 65(1): 31.     CrossRef

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