Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Search

Page Path
HOME > Search
2 "Kah Kian Chong"
Filter
Filter
Article category
Keywords
Publication year
Authors
Funded articles
Original Article
Fecal Calprotectin in Parkinson’s Disease and Multiple System Atrophy
Jia Wei Hor, Shen-Yang Lim, Eng Soon Khor, Kah Kian Chong, Sze Looi Song, Norlinah Mohamed Ibrahim, Cindy Shuan Ju Teh, Chun Wie Chong, Ida Normiha Hilmi, Ai Huey Tan
J Mov Disord. 2022;15(2):106-114.   Published online December 24, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.21085
  • 2,375 View
  • 292 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objective
Converging evidence suggests that intestinal inflammation is involved in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. Previous studies on fecal calprotectin in Parkinson’s disease (PD) were limited by small sample sizes, and literature regarding intestinal inflammation in multiple system atrophy (MSA) is very scarce. We investigated the levels of fecal calprotectin, a marker of intestinal inflammation, in PD and MSA.
Methods
We recruited 169 subjects (71 PD, 38 MSA, and 60 age-similar nonneurological controls). Clinico-demographic data were collected. PD and MSA were subtyped and the severity assessed using the MDS-UPDRS and UMSARS, respectively. Fecal calprotectin and blood immune markers were analyzed.
Results
Compared to controls (median: 35.7 [IQR: 114.2] μg/g), fecal calprotectin was significantly elevated in PD (median: 95.6 [IQR: 162.1] μg/g, p = 0.003) and even higher in MSA (median: 129.5 [IQR: 373.8] μg/g, p = 0.002). A significant interaction effect with age was observed; between-group differences were significant only in older subjects (i.e., ≥ 61 years) and became more apparent with increasing age. A total of 28.9% of MSA and 18.3% of PD patients had highly abnormal fecal calprotectin levels (≥ 250 μg/g); however, this difference was only significant for MSA compared to controls. Fecal calprotectin correlated moderately with selected blood immune markers in PD, but not with clinical features of PD or MSA.
Conclusions
Elevated fecal calprotectin suggests a role for intestinal inflammation in PD and MSA. A more complete understanding of gut immune alterations could open up new avenues of research and treatment for these debilitating diseases.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The microbiome–gut–brain axis in Parkinson disease — from basic research to the clinic
    Ai Huey Tan, Shen Yang Lim, Anthony E. Lang
    Nature Reviews Neurology.2022; 18(8): 476.     CrossRef
  • The Gut Microbiome–Brain Crosstalk in Neurodegenerative Diseases
    Laura Ghezzi, Claudia Cantoni, Emanuela Rotondo, Daniela Galimberti
    Biomedicines.2022; 10(7): 1486.     CrossRef
  • Gastrointestinal Involvement in Extra-Digestive Disease: Which Is the Role of Fecal Calprotectin?
    Angela Saviano, Marcello Candelli, Christian Zanza, Andrea Piccioni, Alessio Migneco, Veronica Ojetti
    Medicina.2022; 58(10): 1384.     CrossRef
Letter to the editor
Chorea in Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
Ai Huey Tan, Tsun Haw Toh, Soon Chai Low, Si Lei Fong, Kah Kian Chong, Kee Wei Lee, Khean Jin Goh, Shen-Yang Lim
J Mov Disord. 2018;11(3):149-151.   Published online August 9, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.18017
  • 4,750 View
  • 145 Download
  • 3 Citations
PDFSupplementary Material

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Atypical and early symptoms of sporadic Creutzfeldt – Jakob disease: case series and review of the literature
    Grammatiki Katsikaki, Ioannis E. Dagklis, Petros Angelopoulos, Dimitrios Ntantos, Angeliki Prevezianou, Sevasti Bostantjopoulou
    International Journal of Neuroscience.2021; 131(9): 927.     CrossRef
  • Review of Hereditary and Acquired Rare Choreas
    Daniel Martinez-Ramirez, Ruth H. Walker, Mayela Rodríguez-Violante, Emilia M. Gatto
    Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • A Case of Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Presented as Rapid Progressive Parkinsonism
    Yoonah Park, Chan-Nyeong Lee
    Dementia and Neurocognitive Disorders.2019; 18(4): 152.     CrossRef

JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders