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Original Articles
Validation of the Korean Version of the Scale for Outcomes in Parkinson’s Disease-Autonomic
Ji-Young Kim, In-Uk Song, Seong-Beom Koh, Tae-Beom Ahn, Sang Jin Kim, Sang-Myung Cheon, Jin Whan Cho, Yun Joong Kim, Hyeo-Il Ma, Mee-Young Park, Jong Sam Baik, Phil Hyu Lee, Sun Ju Chung, Jong-Min Kim, Han-Joon Kim, Young-Hee Sung, Do Young Kwon, Jae-Hyeok Lee, Jee-Young Lee, Ji Sun Kim, Ji Young Yun, Hee Jin Kim, Jin Young Hong, Mi-Jung Kim, Jinyoung Youn, Ji Seon Kim, Eung Seok Oh, Hui-Jun Yang, Won Tae Yoon, Sooyeoun You, Kyum-Yil Kwon, Hyung-Eun Park, Su-Yun Lee, Younsoo Kim, Hee-Tae Kim, Joong-Seok Kim
J Mov Disord. 2017;10(1):29-34.   Published online January 18, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.16057
  • 12,837 View
  • 329 Download
  • 25 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Objective
Autonomic symptoms are commonly observed in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) and often limit the activities of daily living. The Scale for Outcomes in Parkinson’s disease-Autonomic (SCOPA-AUT) was developed to evaluate and quantify autonomic symptoms in PD. The goal of this study was to translate the original SCOPA-AUT, which was written in English, into Korean and to evaluate its reliability and validity for Korean PD patients.
Methods
For the translation, the following processes were performed: forward translation, backward translation, expert review, pretest of the pre-final version and development of the final Korean version of SCOPA-AUT (K-SCOPA-AUT). In total, 127 patients with PD from 31 movement disorder clinics of university-affiliated hospitals in Korea were enrolled in this study. All patients were assessed using the K-SCOPA-AUT and other motor, non-motor, and quality of life scores. Test-retest reliability for the K-SCOPA-AUT was assessed over a time interval of 10−14 days.
Results
The internal consistency and reliability of the K-SCOPA-AUT was 0.727 as measured by the mean Cronbach’s α-coefficient. The test-retest correlation reliability was 0.859 by the Guttman split-half coefficient. The total K-SCOPA-AUT score showed a positive correlation with other non-motor symptoms [the Korean version of non-motor symptom scale (K-NMSS)], activities of daily living (Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale part II) and quality of life [the Korean version of Parkinson’s Disease Quality of Life 39 (K-PDQ39)].
Conclusion
The K-SCOPA-AUT had good reliability and validity for the assessment of autonomic dysfunction in Korean PD patients. Autonomic symptom severities were associated with many other motor and non-motor impairments and influenced quality of life.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Clinical manifestation of patients with isolated rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder after modest-to-long disease duration
    Jung Kyung Hong, Jong-Min Kim, Ki-woong Kim, Ji Won Han, Soyeon Ahn, In-Young Yoon
    Sleep.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Associations of cognitive dysfunction with motor and non-motor symptoms in patients with de novo Parkinson’s disease
    Kyum-Yil Kwon, Suyeon Park, Rae On Kim, Eun Ji Lee, Mina Lee
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Autonomic dysfunction in Parkinson's disease: Results from the Faroese Parkinson's disease cohort
    Aksel Berg, Sára Bech, Jan Aasly, Matthew J. Farrer, Maria Skaalum Petersen
    Neuroscience Letters.2022; 785: 136789.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms, urinary incontinence and retention in Parkinson's disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Fang-Fei Li, Yu-Sha Cui, Rui Yan, Shuang-Shuang Cao, Tao Feng
    Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • White matter tract-specific microstructural disruption is associated with depressive symptoms in isolated RBD
    Jung-Ick Byun, Seunghwan Oh, Jun-Sang Sunwoo, Jung-Won Shin, Tae-Joon Kim, Jin-Sun Jun, Han-Joon Kim, Won Chul Shin, Joon-Kyung Seong, Ki-Young Jung
    NeuroImage: Clinical.2022; 36: 103186.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of disease progression between brain-predominant Parkinson's disease versus Parkinson's disease with body-involvement phenotypes
    Dong-Woo Ryu, Sang-Won Yoo, Yoon-Sang Oh, Kwang-Soo Lee, Seunggyun Ha, Joong-Seok Kim
    Neurobiology of Disease.2022; 174: 105883.     CrossRef
  • Association Between Gait and Dysautonomia in Patients With De Novo Parkinson’s Disease: Forward Gait Versus Backward Gait
    Seon-Min Lee, Mina Lee, Eun Ji Lee, Rae On Kim, Yongduk Kim, Kyum-Yil Kwon
    Journal of Movement Disorders.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Corneal confocal microscopy differentiates patients with Parkinson’s disease with and without autonomic involvement
    Ning-Ning Che, Shuai Chen, Qiu-Huan Jiang, Si-Yuan Chen, Zhen-Xiang Zhao, Xue Li, Rayaz A. Malik, Jian-Jun Ma, Hong-Qi Yang
    npj Parkinson's Disease.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association of Nucleus Basalis of Meynert Functional Connectivity and Cognition in Idiopathic Rapid-Eye-Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder
    Jung-Ick Byun, Kwang Su Cha, Minah Kim, Woo-Jin Lee, Han Sang Lee, Jun-Sang Sunwoo, Jung-Won Shin, Tae-Joon Kim, Jin-Sun Jun, Han-Joon Kim, Won Chul Shin, Carlos H. Schenck, Sang Kun Lee, Ki-Young Jung
    Journal of Clinical Neurology.2022; 18(5): 562.     CrossRef
  • Altered insular functional connectivity in isolated REM sleep behavior disorder: a data-driven functional MRI study
    Jung-Ick Byun, Kwang Su Cha, Minah Kim, Woo-Jin Lee, Han Sang Lee, Jun-Sang Sunwoo, Jung-Won Shin, Tae-Joon Kim, Jangsup Moon, Soon-Tae Lee, Keun-Hwa Jung, Kon Chu, Man-Ho Kim, Han-Joon Kim, Won Chul Shin, Sang Kun Lee, Ki-Young Jung
    Sleep Medicine.2021; 79: 88.     CrossRef
  • Association of fall risk factors and non-motor symptoms in patients with early Parkinson’s disease
    Kyum-Yil Kwon, Suyeon Park, Eun Ji Lee, Mina Lee, Hyunjin Ju
    Scientific Reports.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Impact of motor subtype on non‐motor symptoms and fall‐related features in patients with early Parkinson's disease
    Kyum‐Yil Kwon, Eun Ji Lee, Mina Lee, Hyunjin Ju, Kayeong Im
    Geriatrics & Gerontology International.2021; 21(5): 416.     CrossRef
  • Extra-basal ganglia iron content and non-motor symptoms in drug-naïve, early Parkinson’s disease
    Minkyeong Kim, Seulki Yoo, Doyeon Kim, Jin Whan Cho, Ji Sun Kim, Jong Hyun Ahn, Jun Kyu Mun, Inyoung Choi, Seung-Kyun Lee, Jinyoung Youn
    Neurological Sciences.2021; 42(12): 5297.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Assessment Scales in Autonomic Nervous System Disorders
    Eun Bin Cho, Ki-Jong Park
    Journal of the Korean Neurological Association.2021; 39(2 Suppl): 60.     CrossRef
  • Cardiac sympathetic burden reflects Parkinson disease burden, regardless of high or low orthostatic blood pressure changes
    Sang-Won Yoo, Joong-Seok Kim, Yoon-Sang Oh, Dong-Woo Ryu, Seunggyun Ha, Ji-Yeon Yoo, Kwang-Soo Lee
    npj Parkinson's Disease.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Understanding fatigue in progressive supranuclear palsy
    Jong Hyeon Ahn, Joomee Song, Dong Yeong Lee, Jinyoung Youn, Jin Whan Cho
    Scientific Reports.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Validation of the Korean version of the composite autonomic symptom scale 31 in patients with Parkinson’s disease
    Jong Hyeon Ahn, Jin Myoung Seok, Jongkyu Park, Heejeong Jeong, Younsoo Kim, Joomee Song, Inyoung Choi, Jin Whan Cho, Ju-Hong Min, Byoung Joon Kim, Jinyoung Youn, Antonina Luca
    PLOS ONE.2021; 16(10): e0258897.     CrossRef
  • Cardiac Autonomic Dysfunction Is Associated with Severity of REM Sleep without Atonia in Isolated REM Sleep Behavior Disorder
    Sooyeoun You, Kyoung Sook Won, Keun Tae Kim, Hyang Woon Lee, Yong Won Cho
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2021; 10(22): 5414.     CrossRef
  • Characteristics of Autonomic Dysfunction in Parkinson’s Disease: A Large Chinese Multicenter Cohort Study
    Zhou Zhou, Xiaoting Zhou, Xiaoxia Zhou, Yaqin Xiang, Liping Zhu, Lixia Qin, Yige Wang, Hongxu Pan, Yuwen Zhao, Qiying Sun, Qian Xu, Xinyin Wu, Xinxiang Yan, Jifeng Guo, Beisha Tang, Zhenhua Liu
    Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Subtypes of Sleep Disturbance in Parkinson's Disease Based on the Cross-Culturally Validated Korean Version of Parkinson's Disease Sleep Scale-2
    Hui-Jun Yang, Han-Joon Kim, Seong-Beom Koh, Joong-Seok Kim, Tae-Beom Ahn, Sang-Myung Cheon, Jin Whan Cho, Yoon-Joong Kim, Hyeo-Il Ma, Mee Young Park, Jong Sam Baik, Phil Hyu Lee, Sun Ju Chung, Jong-Min Kim, In-Uk Song, Ji-Young Kim, Young-Hee Sung, Do You
    Journal of Clinical Neurology.2020; 16(1): 66.     CrossRef
  • Risk Factors for Falls in Patients with de novo Parkinson’s Disease: A Focus on Motor and Non-Motor Symptoms
    Kyum-Yil Kwon, Mina Lee, Hyunjin Ju, Kayeong Im
    Journal of Movement Disorders.2020; 13(2): 142.     CrossRef
  • Peripheral Blood Inflammatory Cytokines in Idiopathic REM Sleep Behavior Disorder
    Ryul Kim, Jin‐Sun Jun, Han‐Joon Kim, Ki‐Young Jung, Yong‐Won Shin, Tae‐Won Yang, Keun Tae Kim, Tae‐Joon Kim, Jung‐Ick Byun, Jun‐Sang Sunwoo, Beomseok Jeon
    Movement Disorders.2019; 34(11): 1739.     CrossRef
  • Urinary Dysfunctions and Post-Void Residual Urine in Typical and Atypical Parkinson Diseases
    Yang-Hyun Lee, Jee-Eun Lee, Dong-Woo Ryu, Yoon-Sang Oh, Kwang-Soo Lee, Sung-Hoo Hong, Joong-Seok Kim
    Journal of Parkinson's Disease.2018; 8(1): 145.     CrossRef
  • Rasch Analysis of the Clinimetric Properties of the Korean Dizziness Handicap Inventory in Patients with Parkinson Disease
    Da-Young Lee, Hui-Jun Yang, Dong-Seok Yang, Jin-Hyuk Choi, Byoung-Soo Park, Ji-Yun Park
    Research in Vestibular Science.2018; 17(4): 152.     CrossRef
  • Clinical Characteristics of Parkinson’s Disease Developed from Essential Tremor
    Dong-Woo Ryu, Si-Hoon Lee, Yoon-Sang Oh, Jae-Young An, Jeong-Wook Park, In-Uk Song, Kwang-Soo Lee, Joong-Seok Kim
    Journal of Parkinson's Disease.2017; 7(2): 369.     CrossRef
Anticholinergic Agents Can Induce Oromandibular Dyskinesia
Hee-Young Shin, Won Tae Yoon, Won Yong Lee
J Mov Disord. 2009;2(2):69-71.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.09018
  • 17,248 View
  • 70 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background and Purpose:

Oromandibular dyskinesia (OMD) can occur spontaneously or they can be induced by the conventional dopamine receptor antagonists. Anticholinergic medications have rarely been reported to cause OMD in parkinsonian or non-parkinsonian patients.

Methods:

We analyzed the clinical features of two parkinsonian and one non-parkinsonian patients who experienced OMD after anticholinergic medication.

Results:

Each patient of our cases developed oromandibular symptoms in the temporal regions that were related to the addition of anticholinergic agents, and the symptoms were relieved following the discontinuation of the causative anticholinergic drugs. In one of our case, levodopa alone did not cause dyskinesia but augmented dyskinesia associated with anticholinergics.

Conclusions:

Here we report two parkinsonian and one non-parkinsonian patients with OMD induced by the use of anticholinergic agents. In our cases, we could not find any other precipitating or actual secondary causes for the OMD symptoms in our patients. Furthermore, the fact that the OMD in our cases were ameliorated with cessation of anticholinergics suggests that it may be anticholinergic-induced.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Impact of anticholinergic drugs withdrawal on motor function in patients with Parkinson’s disease
    Yasaman Saeedi, Maryam Ghadimi, Mohammad Rohani, Maziar Emamikhah, Gholamali Shahidi, Mehdi Moghaddasi, Seyed Amir Hassan Habibi
    Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery.2021; 202: 106480.     CrossRef
  • Treatment of Tardive Dyskinesia: A General Overview with Focus on the Vesicular Monoamine Transporter 2 Inhibitors
    Nicki Niemann, Joseph Jankovic
    Drugs.2018; 78(5): 525.     CrossRef
Case Report
Painless Legs and Moving Toes as an Initial Presentation of Ischemic Stroke
Se Mi Oh, Won Tae Yoon, Ji Youn Kim, Hee-Young Shin, Won Yong Lee
J Mov Disord. 2009;2(1):40-42.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.09010
  • 37,630 View
  • 92 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF

Painless legs and moving toes is an unusual syndrome, which has not previously been reported as an initial presentation of ischemic stroke. We encountered a 78-year-old woman who developed dysarthria and involuntary movement of her left toes that was clinically regarded as painless legs and moving toes. These symptoms appeared abruptly and simultaneously as the initial symptoms of stroke, and improved gradually with conservative management by intravenous hydration for a month. We suggest that, in our case, a cortical brain lesion caused by ischemic stroke might be associated with the development of painless legs and moving toes.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Painful legs and moving toes syndrome
    Hiroki Tamura, Kosuke Ishizuka, Kiyoshi Shikino, Masatomi Ikusaka
    BMJ Case Reports.2021; 14(3): e240692.     CrossRef
  • Movement Disorders Following Cerebrovascular Lesions: Etiology, Treatment Options and Prognosis
    Do-Young Kwon
    Journal of Movement Disorders.2016; 9(2): 63.     CrossRef
  • Painful legs and moving toes syndrome in a 16-year-old girl
    Seung Soo Kim, Yong Seung Hwang, Young Chang Kim
    Korean Journal of Pediatrics.2016; 59(9): 381.     CrossRef
Original Article
Reliability of Serum Anti-thyroid Antibody Screening in the Diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease and Multiple System Atrophy
Taek-Jun Lee, Hee-Young Shin, Won Tae Yoon, Won Yong Lee
J Mov Disord. 2008;1(2):75-81.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14802/jmd.08014
  • 32,991 View
  • 185 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Backgrounds:

Ataxia associated with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis autoantibodies has been reported as acquired cerebellar ataxia. However, relationship between anti-thyroid antibodies and cerebellar ataxia has not been clarified yet.

Objectives:

We aimed to analysis the relibility of serum anti-thyroid antibodies screening in the diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy (MSA).

Method:

We enrolled 105 patients with clinically diagnosed PD and 75 patients with probable MSA. Patients with PD were classified into 70 patients with early PD (Hoehn & Yahr stage I to II) and 35 patients with late PD (Hoehn & Yahr stage III to IV). In MSA, 28 patients were classified as MSA-p (parkinsonism predominant) and 47 MSA-c (cerebellar predominant). For analysis of thyroid function, serum free triiodothyronine (T3), free thyroxine (T4), anti-thyroglobuline (TG) antibodies and anti-microsomal antibodies were measured. Cut-off level for abnormal titers of anti-thyroid antibodies were defiend as above 100 U/ml.

Results:

Abnormally high titer of serum anti-TG antibodies and anti-microsomal antibodies was more frequently observed in MSA than in PD (p =0.001 and 0.003, respectively). However, there was no significant difference in the frequency of abnormal titer either between MSA-c and MSA-p (p>0.05) nor between early PD and late PD (p>0.05). Among clinical parameters, only ataxia was correlated with both titer of anti-TG antibody and anti-microsomal antibody (p=0.007 and 0.002, respectively).

Conclusion:

These results suggest that high titer of anti-thyroid antibodies may be associated with MSA rather than PD and screening of serum anti-thyroid antibodies may be helpful for discrimiation of PD from MSA. However, anti-thyroid antibodies screening may not be helpful to differentiate MSA-c from MSA-p.


JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders