Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders



Page Path
HOME > Search
3 "Essential tremor"
Article category
Publication year
Brief communication
Phonatory Characteristics of Male Patients with Classic Essential Tremor
Preetie Shetty Akkunje, Belur Keshavaprasad Yamini, Ravi Yadav, Nagarajarao Shivashankar, Palash Kumar Malo, Kandavel Thennarasu, Shantala Hegde, Pramod Kumar Pal
J Mov Disord. 2021;14(3):226-230.   Published online August 18, 2021
  • 3,803 View
  • 97 Download
  • 1 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Voice tremor (VT) is one of the characteristics of essential tremor (ET). This study was designed to describe the group and phonatory characteristics of classic ET patients with VT.
This retrospective case-control study compared classic ET patients with age and sex-matched controls. The ET population was subgrouped based on auditory perceptual voice analysis. Electroglottography and acoustic voice samples obtained from both groups were analyzed for contact quotient (CQ) and multidimensional voice program parameters, i.e., fundamental frequency (F0), perturbation, noise, and tremor parameters.
The CQ, F0, perturbation, noise, and tremor characteristics significantly increased from the moderate VT group to the severe VT group.
The CQ, F0, and noise characteristics reflected the vocal folds’ functionality. The perturbation and tremor parameters variation were reasoned considering the tremor-related changes occurring in the laryngeal, vocal tract, and expiratory muscles in patients with ET. Thus, phonatory analysis may help in monitoring the progression of ET.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Voice Analysis in Patients with Essential Tremor
    Hakan Silek, Muzeyyen Dogan
    Journal of Voice.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
Case Report
Giant Middle Fossa Epidermoid Presenting as Holmes’ Tremor Syndrome
Bindu Menon, P Sasikala, Amit Agrawal
J Mov Disord. 2014;7(1):22-24.   Published online April 30, 2014
  • 9,918 View
  • 65 Download
  • 4 Web of Science
  • 2 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Intracranial dermoids may gradually reach an enormous size before the onset of symptoms. Common clinical presentations of intracranial epidermoid include headache and seizures. We present a case of a 35-year female patient with giant middle fossa epidermoid that presented with Holmes’ tremor syndrome, and we review the relevant literature. To the best of our knowledge, such a presentation has not previously been described in the literature.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Holmes tremor
    Gabriela B. Raina, Maria G. Cersosimo, Silvia S. Folgar, Juan C. Giugni, Cristian Calandra, Juan P. Paviolo, Veronica A. Tkachuk, Carlos Zuñiga Ramirez, Andrea L. Tschopp, Daniela S. Calvo, Luis A. Pellene, Marcela C. Uribe Roca, Miriam Velez, Rolando J.
    Neurology.2016; 86(10): 931.     CrossRef
  • Movement Disorders Following Cerebrovascular Lesions: Etiology, Treatment Options and Prognosis
    Do-Young Kwon
    Journal of Movement Disorders.2016; 9(2): 63.     CrossRef
Original Article
Lateralized Effects of Unilateral Thalamotomy and Thalamic Stimulation in Patients with Essential Tremor
Mi J. Kim, Sang R. Jeon, Sung R. Kim, Myoung C. Lee, Sun J. Chung
J Mov Disord. 2011;4(2):64-67.
  • 16,340 View
  • 76 Download
  • 8 Crossref
AbstractAbstract PDF
Background and Purpose

Stereotactic thalamotomy has been an effective surgical procedure in the treatment of medically refractory essential tremor (ET), however, little is known about the bilateral effects of unilateral ventralis intermedius (Vim) thalamotomy and Vim deep brain stimulation (DBS). We studied the lateralized effects of unilateral Vim thalamotomy and Vim DBS in ET patients.


Vim thalamotomy was performed in 6 patients and Vim DBS in 6. Patients were evaluated preoperatively and at 3 and 6 months postoperatively using the Clinical Rating Scale for Tremor (CRST).


The contralateral Part A (tremor localization/severity rating) and Part B (specific motor tasks/function rating) subscores, and axial subscores of CRST significantly improved after unilateral Vim thalamotomy or Vim DBS. On the side ipsilateral to surgery, ET patients demonstrated no significant improvements in the Part A and Part B subscores of CRST. The Part C (functional disabilities resulting from tremor) subscores and total scores of CRST were significantly improved after surgery.


Vim thalamotomy and DBS may be equally effective for the management of contralateral and axial tremor in ET patients, but both interventions may not improve tremor on the side ipsilateral to surgery.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Outcomes of stereotactic thalamotomy in patients of essential tremor: A systematic review
    Sagun Ghimire, Bibechan Thapa, Durga Neupane, Pashupati Pokharel
    Journal of Clinical Neuroscience.2024; 126: 38.     CrossRef
  • Displaced center of pressure on the treated side in individuals with essential tremor after radiofrequency ablation: a longitudinal case–control study
    Atsuya Sato, Takaomi Taira, Kazuya Kitada, Toshiki Ando, Toyohiro Hamaguchi, Michiko Konno, Yoshinori Kitabatake, Toshiyuki Ishioka
    Frontiers in Neurology.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Commentary on: A Network Approach to Understanding the Effects of Focused Ultrasound for Essential Tremor: Insights into Pathophysiology, Treatment, and Imaging Biomarkers
    Prashin Unadkat, David Eidelberg
    Neurotherapeutics.2022; 19(6): 1883.     CrossRef
  • Deep Brain Stimulation for Tremor: Update on Long-Term Outcomes, Target Considerations and Future Directions
    Naomi I. Kremer, Rik W. J. Pauwels, Nicolò G. Pozzi, Florian Lange, Jonas Roothans, Jens Volkmann, Martin M. Reich
    Journal of Clinical Medicine.2021; 10(16): 3468.     CrossRef
  • Clinical improvement associated with targeted interruption of the cerebellothalamic tract following MR-guided focused ultrasound for essential tremor
    J. Levi Chazen, Harini Sarva, Philip E. Stieg, Robert J. Min, Douglas J. Ballon, Kane O. Pryor, Paul M. Riegelhaupt, Michael G. Kaplitt
    Journal of Neurosurgery.2018; 129(2): 315.     CrossRef
  • Innovations in Functional Neurosurgery and Anesthetic Implications
    Lauren K. Dunn, Marcel E. Durieux, W. Jeffrey Elias, Edward C. Nemergut, Bhiken I. Naik
    Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology.2018; 30(1): 18.     CrossRef
  • Surgical treatments for essential tremor
    Rodger J. Elble, Ludy Shih, Jeffrey W. Cozzens
    Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics.2018; 18(4): 303.     CrossRef
  • The Current Status of Deep Brain Stimulation for the Treatment of Parkinson Disease in the Republic of Korea
    Jung-Il Lee
    Journal of Movement Disorders.2015; 8(3): 115.     CrossRef

JMD : Journal of Movement Disorders Twitter