The journal adheres to the ethical guidelines for research and publication described by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE, http://publicationethics.org) and the ICMJE Guidelines (http://www.icmje.org).
A submitted manuscript must not be associated with any type of research misconduct, including fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism with intent the authors’ to deceive. The cover letter to the Editor-in-Chief must declare that a submitted manuscript has not been published and is not under simultaneous consideration for publication elsewhere in whole or in part in any language except in the form of an abstract. The cover letter must also state whether the manuscript contains any portion that may be considered redundant or duplicate information, defined as a paper, data, tables, or figures that overlap substantially with previously published information.
The author should indicate within the manuscript that the submitted study was approved by the relevant research ethics committee or Institutional Review Board (IRB). Research involving human subjects must comply with the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki (1964). Articles that describe research involving animals must state in the Methods section that the work was approved by the applicable institutional ethics committee or review board. The manuscript must also state that informed consent was obtained from the subjects, when appropriate.
When the journal faces suspected cases of research and publication misconduct—such as redundant (duplicate) publication, plagiarism, fraudulent or fabricated data, changes in authorship, an undisclosed conflict of interest, ethical problems with a submitted manuscript, a reviewer’s appropriation of an author’s idea or data, and complaints against editors—the resolution process will follow the flowchart provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics (http://publicationethics.org/resources/flowcharts). Discussion and decisions on the suspected cases are carried out by the Editorial Board.